November 29, 2013
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Terror of freedom
The current problem that the world is facing in this 21st century is without doubt the question of terrorism. Some see and foresee on that the nuclear of the global conflict. Many researchers have driven in order to analysis this minding and various question. There are many types and various typologies of terrorism. My purpose will try to analyze two labels under which terrorist groups are categorised and I will discuss later if one can conclude to the end of terrorism in the 21st century.
Terrorists can be categorized as groups driven by two motivations: the spread of secular terror and spread of sacred terror. In both case, they are considered as group of revolutionary. In addressing the issue terrorism, Rapoport in Reich (1990) argued that the revolutionary [terrorist] knows only one science: The science of destruction. Under-grounding by bringing a certain change, terrorism as revolutionary group can “destroy the entire state to its roots, exterminate all imperial traditions, the whole social order” (p.108). They are considered as insurgent madmen who engage in irrational and futile acts of violence against individuals (innocent) with cold-blooded murder (Kellen, 1990, p.43) in order to pressurize the decision-makers to reform their policies or to respond their [terrorists] agenda.
Secular terror refers to any insurgent group which uses terror as mean to achieve some goals: political, social and economic. Sometimes it turns under a political organization which is looking to destabilize the ruling party in transnational level or to break off an ideology in international level. While sacred terror refers to the use of any form of violence of a religious groups Christians, Muslims, Jewish and some religions from Asia in order to defend their faith and to have legitimacy or supremacy upper other religions, In this century, sacred terror refers directly to jihadist forces. It is given by the ultimate objective that the world must be governed by the sharia’ia which is the Islamic law and terror must be expanded unbelievers and infidels (Qur’an 9: 5). This group form the extremist wing of Islamic groups.
Since the attack of September 11, 2001, the fight against terrorist has been declared as global war and strategies are ongoing in order to counter their activities. However, all those measures implemented don’t stop terrorist activities therefore we cannot conclude that the 21st century will see the collapse of terrorism. May be their activities are going decreasing but till they are able to change their strategies and tactics, terrorist’s question will be still a preoccupation.
Cool Marius Mufuta